Australia has more venomous snakes than any other country in the world.
It also has the unenviable distinction of being home to no fewer than 9 of the top 10 most venomous snakes in the world. Interestingly,
it is the only continent with a higher proportion of venomous snakes to non-venomous ones: out of a total of nearly 170 species
(including more than 30 sea snakes) around 120 of them are venomous. Some 20 - 25 of these are considered to be highly dangerous
to people, the commonest cause of serious snakebite being the tiger snake (Notechis scutatus).
Even though few parts of Australia are entirely free of dangerous snakes
- and an estimated 3,000 Australians are bitten by venomous snakes every year - deaths due to snakebite are relatively uncommon.
Fatalities have dropped dramatically since the beginning of the century as anti-venoms have become more readily available:
every year 200 - 500 of the snakebite victims require treatment with anti-venoms without which their chances of survival would
have been limited. Between 1981 and 1991 only 18 deaths from snakebite were reported to the Commonwealth Serum Laboratory,
Melbourne; four of these were people bitten after picking the snakes up or playing with them.
Brown snakes (genus Pseudonaja)
were responsible for 11 deaths; tiger snakes (Notechus scutatus) for four; taipans (Oxyuranus scutellatus) for
two; and a death adder (Acanthopis australis) for one.
the top ten deadliest snakes in the world in fact of nuero toxins